Eastern Brown Snake
brown snake is the deadliest snake in Australia.
It is not the most
Australian snakes, but due to its habitat it easily becomes in contact
with humans, and is
most snake deaths in Australia.
It is also known for its speed
and bad temper.
It is found in the eastern
the country, including Cape York peninsula.
It prefers dry habitat
not found in rainforests.
It is attracted to
farmland and farm
buildings because of the presence of introduced mice and rats.
What Does the Eastern Brown
It is a slender
snake that is
known for its speed.
Its body is streamlined, including the head.
It can be over two metres long, but is more often about 1.5 metres.
It is most often uniform brown
or tan but
can also be grey or
black, and can have banding .
is most often cream,
but can also be yellowish or
pale orange, and can have orange or pink spots.
often have bands,
dark heads, darker spots on the belly and larger colour variations than
snakes can be confused
brown snakes and western
Where Is It Found? It is
found roughly in the eastern
half of Australia, except
parts of central South Australia and western New South Wales, as well
It is found in all of
including Cape York.
It is also found in Papua New Guinea, where it is thought to have been
snake prefers dry habitat
is not found in rainforests.
It lives in Eucalypt forests, open
savannah woodlands, grasslands, heaths and scrublands.
It also particularly likes grazing and farmland
areas, where there is shelter, water, and abundant food, particularly
vegetation, as well as any junk laying around on the ground.
When Is It Around? It is mostly active during the day time,
but can become nocturnal during the hottest time of the year.
What Does It Eat? It mostly
feeds on small mammals,
are rats and mice.
But it will also take birds, frogs and other reptiles, including other snakes.
Mating and Breeding Male combat and mating takes place
during the late
Females lay clutches of about 10 to 30 eggs,
in about November.
The nests are not guarded. Once the juveniles hatch, they are about
20cm long, and independent straight away.
Bite, Venom and Treatment Although it is not Australia's
most venomous snake,
it is one of the most
venomous ones, the
second or third one varying between different sources.
Even though it is known as a
tempered snake, it first does try to flee when confronted.
If provoking continues or the snake is cornered
and has nowhere to flee, it will attack.
You know it's about to attack when it raises
its neck and body off the ground, to an upright S - shape.
It strikes quickly, and it sometimes starts its defence with
If poison is injected
should always act assuming it was), the amount may depend on the size
of the snake.
The venom contains neurotoxins
thin blood ( internal
are dizziness, diarrhea, renal failure, convulsions, collapse
and cardiac arrest.
Snake bite first aid
has to be
applied immediately and the victim has to be taken to the hospital in
emergency, for antivenom.
antivenom, the bite can well be
brown snake is only found in western Cape York.
It is also called Gwarder and its
Latin name is
Its poison is not quite toxic as the eastern brown snake's, but it is
known to inject more
poison to make up for it.
It has killed many people,
mainly in Western Australia.
In Cape York, it is only found in south west.
What Does It Look Like?
commonly about 1.5
slender, and has a head that is not larger than its body.
The colour is very
variable, but often brownish, with a cream, often
orange-spotted belly and either a plain or banded/flecked back.
Its head and neck are
often darker than its body, sometimes even to the point
where it can be confused with the harmless black
- a dangerous mistake!
Some colour variations can also resemble eastern brown snake,
and juveniles can be confused with Dwyer’s, grey, orange naped
and red naped snakes, as well as suta suta.
Nathan Johnson via Flickr.com
Where Is It Found and When Is
It Around? Western
brown snake is found all over Australia except
eastern Queensland, most of New South Wales and Victoria, south eastern
South Australia, south western Western Australia, and all of Tasmania.
On the Cape York
peninsula, it is found in the south
It lives in many
different habitats such as dry open forest and woodland,
scrubland, heathland and grassland.
It is usually diurnal,
but may become nocturnal during the hottest parts of the year.
It can be found sheltering
in hollow logs, rock crevices, soil cracks, and under rubbish, like
many other snakes.
What Does the Western Brown
Snake Eat? It mainly
mammals and reptiles.
Rodents and lizards are its
favourites but it also takes frogs, smaller birds, reptile eggs and
Mating and Breeding of the
Western Brown Snake
place during late Dry Season - the hottest time of the year.
Between November and February, the female lays 20-40 eggs.
Newly hatched young are about 20cm long (tail excluded).
Bite, Venom and Treatment Like the
eastern brown, it enters
buildings in search of rodents and so comes in contact to
Like other snakes, the western brown first tries to escape but will attack if cornered
or threatened too much.
And it is known to be fast.
Its venom is not as toxic as its cousin eastern brown's, but it is
known to deliver about three times as much.
Its venom contains neurotoxins
include vomiting, nausea, blurred eyesight, ringing ears, paralysis and cardiac
The symptoms may appear
quickly, but sometimes
not at all until the victim collapses, so the bite should
be taken seriously even if there are no symptoms.
Apply snake bite first aid with pressure immobilisation bandages, then
seek medical attention to get antivenom .
Your Trip... the FREE Cape
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